Sometimes when teeth are moved the gum can move down the tooth somewhat. If this happens it usually doesn’t progress after braces are completed and only needs treatment if there is sensitivity.
Some people have thin gums and thin bone around the teeth naturally. This is something outside of our control but is a large cause of recession.
These can cause very severe gum recession particularly if you develop the habit of pushing the bar or ring against your teeth.
Dentures can sometimes cause a lot of recession. They are sometimes described as gum strippers by some dentists! A loose denture can move several millimetres during chewing which can push the gum back and cause enormous damage to the gum around the teeth.
If you have a loose denture make sure you get it adjusted or ideally changed to something better for your mouth such as dental implants.
Oftentimes recession will not require any treatment at all. If the tooth is not sensitive and the recession is very minor this will often be the case.
If the recession is a bit more severe and there is sensitivity we will often recommend an anti-sensitivity toothpaste such as sensodyne. If this doesn`t work we have some special bonding agents we can place which seal the dentine to stop sensitivity.
For worse cases again we can take some gum from the palate or from another source and surgically place it to form some new gum tissue. This is usually the last method we will choose but it can have excellent results.
If your recession is getting worse you definitely need to act on it as over time it can lead to death of the nerve in the tooth causing pain and infection. It can also lead to loss of the tooth itself and looseness of the tooth. The appearance of the teeth can also be affected as the gums are like the frame around a picture. If the gum recedes the teeth can look too long and prematurely aged.